IFMP and rebuilding plans are core elements of modern fisheries management. These plans provide conservation, ecosystem, socio-economic and cultural objectives for the stock; an assessment of its current status; and the actions required to keep or return the stock to healthy levels. Nearly 90 per cent of all stocks are now included in an IFMP, a significant increase since Oceana Canada’s 2017 Fishery Audit. Progress on developing rebuilding plans remains slow, however: currently, there are plans in place for just over 18 per cent of critically depleted stocks.
Stocks included in Integrated Fisheries Management Plans
Purpose: Provide a planning framework for the conservation and sustainable use of Canada’s fisheries, clearly outlining how a fishery will be managed over a given period
DFO has committed to develop and release IFMPs for all major stocks.
Stocks in the critical zone with rebuilding plans in place
Purpose: Provide a planning framework to rebuild stocks out of the critical zone. Serious harm is occurring to stocks in the critical zone, and conservation actions are crucial.
At Oceana Canada’s 2016 symposium, Rebuilding Abundance: Restoring Canada’s Fisheries for Long-Term Prosperity, DFO committed to improving its transparency. Since then, progress has been made toward making information open and accessible. DFO’s Sustainability Survey for Fisheries was released, providing more detailed information about stock results, and three annual work plans were produced, with the resulting deliverables publicly available.
DFO work plan deliverables completed
Purpose: Achieve the departmental priorities set out each year, including developing LRPs, IFMPs and rebuilding plans.
Ongoing as expected
If all deliverables outlined in all three fiscal-year work plans (2017/18, 2018/19 and 2019/20) were completed, here’s how Canada’s fisheries would benefit:
Stocks with LRPs:
Stocks with USRs:
Stocks included in IFMPs:
Critical zone stocks with rebuilding plans:
7 2018 Report to Congress on the Status of U.S. Fisheries, available online at: https://www.fisheries.noaa.gov/national/2018-report-congress-status-us-fisheries
8 Garcia, S.M., Ye, Y., Rice, J. & Charles, A., eds. (2018). Rebuilding of marine fisheries. Part 1: Global review. FAO Fisheries and Aquaculture Technical Paper No 630/1. http://www.fao.org/3/ca0161en/CA0161EN.pdf